By Antoine Arnauld
Antoine Arnauld and Pierre Nicole have been philosophers and theologians linked to Port-Royal Abbey, a middle of the Catholic Jansenist circulate in seventeenth-century France. Their vastly influential good judgment or the paintings of pondering, which went via 5 variations of their lifetimes, treats issues in common sense, language, concept of data and metaphysics, and in addition articulates the reaction of "heretical" Jansenist Catholicism to orthodox Catholic and Protestant perspectives on grace, unfastened will and the sacraments. This variation provides a brand new translation of the textual content, including a ancient advent and recommendations for additional interpreting.
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Additional resources for Antoine Arnauld and Pierre Nicole: Logic or the Art of Thinking
Rollin, The Hague, Mouton, 1975 and Claude Lancelot, Grammaire generale et raisonnee de Port-Royal, Geneva, Slatkine Reprints, 1968 and Pierre Nicole. La Logique ou l'art de penser, edition par Pierre Clair et Francois Girbal, Paris, J. Vrin, 1981 and Pierre Nicole. L'Art de penser: La Logique de Port-Royal, edition par B. von Freytag Loringhoff et H. E. Brekle, Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt, Friedrich Frommann Verlag, 1967 St. Augustine. Basic Writings ofSaint Augustine, ed. Whitney J. , New York, Random House, 1948 Contra Cresconium Grammaticum Partis Donati, Migne, Patrologia Latina, vat 43 The LiteralMeaning ofGenesis, trans.
N. I. 9 II Logic or theArt of Thinking consideration. For once we decided that a method could be useful for educating judgment, we paid little attention to the science to which it belonged. Knowledge can be organized as freely as letters in a printer's shop. Each of us has the right to form different orders according to our needs, although in forming them we ought to arrange them in the most natural manner. It is enough for some material to be useful for us to use it, and to view it not as alien but as appropriate.
Certainly "thinking" includes all of them, for simple ideas are thoughts, judgments are thoughts, and inferences are thoughts. r This is why we say the art of painting and the art of counting, because we assume that no art is needed to paint or count badly. A more important objection was raised against  the large number of examples from different sciences included in this logic. Since this objection attacks the entire plan and so gives us an opportunity to explain it, we should examine the objection more closely.
Antoine Arnauld and Pierre Nicole: Logic or the Art of Thinking by Antoine Arnauld