By Ray Abrahams
According to box learn in japanese Finland no longer faraway from the Russian border, this publication is an account of the most good points of rural society within the sector. It will pay unique recognition to the adaptability of farming households in a swiftly altering international. matters taken care of contain marriage and the family members, paintings and mechanization, succession to farms, and the paradoxical mixture of fierce individualism and cooperation. significant issues of the publication are the relation among legislations and customized, which isn't consistently what it sort of feels at the floor, and the advanced interlocking of farm, relations, and the broader society.
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Additional resources for A Place of their Own: Family Farming in Eastern Finland
In Chapter 4,1 give an account of the main features of Finnish kinship and marriage as they relate to family farming, and I set out some of the problems which appear to arise from the fact that here and elsewhere the family is a fundamentally dynamic social unit while land itself is static. At the same time, family farming takes place in a wider social and technological framework which can affect the viability of farms and families in important ways, and I describe some of the main features of this framework.
By this time Vieki had fourteen farms, of which six were listed as unoccupied or run down, while a further nine had completely disappeared from the record. In the parish as a whole, only 158 farms out of 588 in 1686 were fully functional in 1722, and 226 were in the unoccupied or run down category. Rough estimates of population for the parish at this time suggest that it had fallen to about 1,900 from its 1686 total of just under 3,000, and by extrapolation one might guess that Vieki's 1722 population was about seventy as against more than a hundred in 1686.
Taavi Karki, a member of a longstanding Vieki family, had gone bankrupt, and his house and land were bought at auction by a Lieksa merchant, Fredrik Hamalainen. He, perhaps partly in an effort to establish good 16 17 See Saloheimo (1953, pp. 395-400 and 517-22) for similar developments in the Nurmes area. For Finland generally see Soininen (1974, pp. ) Fox (1926, pp. 45-50 and 124) discusses some of these institutions for Finland generally. See also Saloheimo (1953), pp. 429-30). The nineteenth and early twentieth century 35 relations in the village, generously offered the buildings and also some land to the commune for use as a school over a period of fifteen years rent free.
A Place of their Own: Family Farming in Eastern Finland by Ray Abrahams